Tuesday, August 25, 2020

The Paradox of Brand Boratistan Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

The Paradox of Brand Boratistan - Essay Example spective, as the colloquialism goes, any exposure is acceptable exposure, such a large number of individuals see Cohen’s film as really tenderizing needed regard for the nation. It is the general suspicion of the current report that in the film, the character Borat for the most part spoke to Kazahkstan as far as negative generalizations that hurt the country’s national picture, particularly during a period wherein this picture was beginning. At the end of the day, prior to this country can be known for something positive, it is as of now in a mud-shower of awful exposure portraying the country’s men as pigs and ladies as manhandled and oblivious. By and large, Borat as a character speaks to extremely negative generalizations. The film doesn’t invest a lot of energy in the anecdotal Kazakhstan of any place it was shot, yet what time is spent there, from the get-go in the film, hits some exceptionally hard notes of parody for this extremely short period. The crowd considers Kazakhstan to be where jackasses pull half-trucks around unpaved towns, where the men are unafraid to include their own family in erotic entertainment, and where there is no discernable spot of culture or advancement. At that point, the film goes into the scandalous and hostile scene of the Kazakhstan march, in which the â€Å"Jew egg† hatches and the townspeople celebrate in a custom of joyful and express enemy of Semitism. This isn't sharp, cutting mockery; the weapon is all the more a club. What's more, the objective, shockingly, is Kazakhstan. The national picture of the nation is perpetually negative, and, as one Kazakhstan inhabitant whin es on the web, â€Å"Unfortunately, in todays world where everything is about picture, when someone with impact spills mud on you it sticks. I havent viewed Borat yet read about him all over the place. I think this character is irreversibly harming Kazakhstans notoriety as a nation where maltreatment of ladies is normal and all men are macho fools† (National, 2009). From another point of view, nonetheless, one could contend that Borat is an anecdotal character, secured by free discourse,

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Without modern technology, what did European people of all ages and Research Paper

Without present day innovation, what did European individuals everything being equal and class accomplish for no particular reason and amusement during the Renaissance time frame - Research Paper Example It was accepted that acceptable wellbeing advances learning, as the body and the spirit is unbreakable. This hypothesis called for entertainment and play to go connected at the hip with examining and working. Entertainment doesn't just mean recess. Utilizing the well known hypothesis of the body and soul during the Renaissance, it tends to be expected that entertainment gives the spirit and the body its quality as the activities toughens the body and examining grows one’s information. One can't learn if every one of the one accomplishes is work or study. The psyche and the body might be sustained with insight and information however the body isn't set up to confront the fights and difficulties that the regular day to day existence gives. How might one examination at that point if the body is frail? In this way, the requirement for a genuinely fit body and sound psyche is significant in living admirably during the Renaissance. This conviction goes inseparably with the significa nce of human life and the worth put on respect and uniqueness. During the Renaissance, the qualification among kids and grown-ups were obscured. Kids were accepted to have no significance in the general public as a result of their absence of solidarity and information (Hughes p.9). Just the world class individuals from the general public gets the opportunity to take on their instruction at a youthful age, the rest were headed toward work. Simply the equivalent with work, entertainment, messing around and reciting nursery rhymes were finished by everybody, youngsters and grown-ups the same. Diversion was not just piece of the people’s method of living, as a major aspect of their unwinding and profound reestablishment. Entertainment turned into a piece of instruction, as well (Hinds p.60). Since it was accepted that entertainment is an approach to sustain one’s soul and body, it was remembered for the examination program of little youngsters. Diversion and leisure activity during the Renaissance extended from creature sports to praising galas. Despite the fact that their exercises contrast, the period has indicated numerous sorts of amusement and side interests that were to reinforce the body, just as, support the spirit.

Tuesday, August 4, 2020

How to Deal With Blushing When You Have SAD

How to Deal With Blushing When You Have SAD Social Anxiety Disorder Symptoms Print How to Deal With Blushing When You Have Social Anxiety Disorder By Arlin Cuncic Arlin Cuncic, MA, is the author of Therapy in Focus: What to Expect from CBT for Social Anxiety Disorder and 7 Weeks to Reduce Anxiety. Learn about our editorial policy Arlin Cuncic Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on February 04, 2016 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on January 21, 2020 Social Anxiety Disorder Overview Symptoms & Diagnosis Causes Treatment Living With In Children JGI/Jamie Grill / Getty Images Blushing is a normal physiological response that results in the face, neck, and/or chest becoming red. It is also a common symptom of social anxiety disorder (SAD), which involves a fear of being in the spotlight or negatively evaluated or judged by others.?? Blushing that is troublesome can be a source of emotional pain and misunderstanding, as others may assume that you are embarrassed or hiding something when its just your anxiety acting up. 5 Myths About Blushing Despite there being no evidence in support of them,  many myths about blushing persist. Because of these myths, those who blush may continue to be misunderstood.   Blushing Always Signals Embarrassment Blushing may result from strong emotions such as embarrassment, anger, or excitement.?? However, it may also be linked to medical problems. Some examples include lcarcinoid syndrome, fever, menopause, rosacea, medications used to treat diabetes and high cholesterol, and other triggers such as alcohol, hot or spicy foods, and quick changes in temperature.?? If You Try Hard  Enough, You Can Stop Blushing When you blush, the blood vessels in your face widen, allowing more blood to pass through to the skin. The tiny muscles in your blood vessels usually keep the vessels slightly squeezed; however,  during a blushing episode, nerves in your body send signals to relax these muscles. Because this action is automatic, it is nearly impossible to stop once it has begun. In fact, the harder you try to stop blushing, the redder you will usually get. All People with Social Anxiety Disorder Blush Blushing is a symptom of social anxiety disorder; however, not all people who have SAD have problems with blushing.?? In addition, not all people who blush have social anxiety disorder. However, for those with SAD who have problems with blushing, reddening of the face usually happens frequently. When a person with social anxiety disorder blushes, it usually goes along with a host of negative automatic thoughts, such as Everyone is noticing how red I am or Everyone thinks that Im weird. Some people with SAD blush when they are put on the spot, made the center of attention or caught off guard in a social situation. Blushing Cannot Be Controlled In fact, a number of treatments are available for problems with blushing. If your blushing goes along with other physical symptoms or appears along with a medical problem, a medical cause is likely and a medical doctor can offer the best course of treatment. When blushing is a symptom of social anxiety disorder, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) directed at the underlying anxiety that maintains blushing is a good treatment option. Through CBT, you will learn how to think, act and feel differently, which in turn will have a positive impact on your problems with blushing. Another treatment option that can help at the same time is medication to treat SAD.?? Blushing is Always a Bad Thing In a 2016 study of 102 children aged 4.5 years who were asked to sing in front of an audience and then watch their performance in front of the audience, contrary to what might be expected, blushing was related to lower social anxiety (rated by the parents) for some children.?? The results of this study showed that for children who showed positive shy behaviors (e.g., smiling while averting their gaze), more blushing did not mean more social anxiety. In contrast, for children without these positive shy behaviors, more blushing meant more social anxiety. In addition, children with negative shy behaviors (e.g., negative facial expressions) were very socially anxious whether they blushed or not. The authors of the study concluded that for children, those who blush and have negative or no facial expressions may be showing early signs of problems with social anxiety. On the other hand, children who blush but have positive facial expressions such as smiling are showing the ability to use adaptive social mechanisms.?? Clearly, more research needs to be conducted on this topic to understand the meaning behind a blush. However, it seems clear that it is not something to be overly concerned about unless your child also appears distressed by the blushing. How to Deal With Blushing Due to Social Anxiety If blushing is a problem for you, knowing how to prevent it and lessen its impact is critical. To prevent blushing before it starts, think ahead to situations in which you usually blush. If its usually when you are made to be the center of attention, have a plan in place to cope when that happens. This might involve relaxation strategies that you can employ in the moment, such as deep breathing or focusing on a positive mantra such as I am calm and relaxed. Just as the children who were smiling while they blushed, you can also blush without spiraling into an anxiety attack.   A Word From Verywell If blushing is problematic for you to the point that it disrupts going about your daily life, interferes with schoolwork, or holds you back at your job, consider consulting a mental health professional, particularly if you have not already been diagnosed with an anxiety disorder. This will allow you to determine if there is a cause beyond anxiety that is making you blush, or to receive treatment such as cognitive-behavioral therapy to help you manage negative thoughts that may make blushing worse.

Saturday, May 23, 2020

I Had A Good Childhood - 848 Words

As related to me by my mother, she and my biological father had ongoing relationship that resulted in my birth. Unfortunately their relationship started to fall apart shortly before my birth, so I was raised in a single parent household, by my mother. Growing up, I did not see evidence that her health was limited, because she did more than other some two parent households. I can say with all honesty, I had a good childhood. As a young adult I see her challenges and sacrifices, all of which makes me love and appreciate what she has done, and continues to do. My biological father, on the other hand has never been in my life, even though he lives right in the Bronx. I always wanted to have a relationship with him, though I told my mother it did not matter. As I grew a little older, I made efforts to contact him, but all the promises he made to visit me rarely came true. That hurt me a lot, but I have learned to cope. Besides my mother has always been there to comfort me and this h as drawn us closer and sealed the mother-daughter bond that we share. Yet, I still desire the love of my father or at least a father figure! In my senior year of high school that all changed; someone came into my life that forever changed it for the better; of course! It was my Mother s best friend or as I call him now Dad. As years went by, we developed a real father-daughter relationship. He genuinely cares for me and really treats me as his own. He calls me his Princess and showers meShow MoreRelatedMy Favorite Memories As A Kid1180 Words   |  5 PagesChildhood memory One of my favorite memories as a kid was the time me my sister and the twin neighbors decided that today was a good day to swim. It was probably late april or early may, the pool had been sitting out since last summer and the water had turned green. I of course had to go test out the water, as I was taking my shoes and socks off I went to take a closer look at the water when suddenly my younger sister jumped straight in. She got up and started to cry because the water was full ofRead MoreWhy I Chose The Word Childhood1395 Words   |  6 PagesWhen I looked over the words for the Personal Definitions Essay, I was at a stand still. All of the words that were presented seemed great, but still a cliche. For instance, the easiest word on there has to be Love. How many people on the street right now could answer â€Å"What does love mean to you?† and it is a universal definition of one loving another in a caring and loving way. How many people would give examples of their significa nt others or their families to show assurance of this definitionRead More Compare and contrast Childhood by John Clare and Follower by1456 Words   |  6 PagesCompare and contrast Childhood by John Clare and Follower by Seamus Heaney. John Clare was born in 1793 and died in 1864. He was born in the countryside and remained a countryman all his life. He was a son of a labourer, his mother was illiterate and his father could barely read or write. His family were desperately poor and he never travelled far from home. His poem Childhood is autobiographical and reminiscent on his childhood memories. His first anthology was called Poems descriptiveRead MoreMy Childhood Experience1389 Words   |  6 Pagestheir childhood they think of family night board games. They think of running off to the park with their best friends, laughing on swingsets and hopping scotch until they were out of breath. They have memories of vacations, funny stories at family gatherings, or that one time they fell of their bike and their dad carried them home and put on a bandaid and made all the pain go away. When I think of my childhood, I think of two defining events fairly early on that will stick with me forever. I thinkRead Moretiger mother essay663 Words   |  3 Pagesraising children were different, she wanted her child to be happy in fact she never pressured her child into doing anything. Hanna Rosin had some good points; however, some of her points I cannot agree with her. I agree with Hanna Rosin when she said that it’s better to have a child who is moderately successful rather than a miserable high achiever. However, I don’t agree with her when she states that success will not make us happy. Hanna Rosin truly protested to Amy Chua’s parenting style. HannaRead More Graduation Speech Essay530 Words   |  3 PagesIt amazes me that we are finally here! Throughout the years, I have often thought about this moment. How it would feel to be with all of you, in our caps and gowns, finally graduating. I remember as a child, thinking about what I would look like when I was all grown up, how I would act, who I would love and what kind of person I would become. And now here it all is, were ready, were done with high school, and I couldnt be more thrilled or scared! We go through this twelve-year metamorphosisRead MoreSusan Griffin s Are You My Mother? Essay1499 Words   |  6 PagesRelationship Aspects, Parent to Child Growing up is phase in which is determined by the parenting aspect, the parent to child bond which varies greatly. Childhood is essential but determined by parenting which influences the child’s later life, everything ties back to each other. Parenting not only can generate but structure a future, a parent’s role in a child life affective, and a child is affected by the absence or presence of a parent. Emmy award winning playwright and poet, Susan Griffin believesRead MoreCat s Eye By Margaret Attwood1067 Words   |  5 Pagesshaped me into the person I am today. Our childhoods and our nurturing during this crucial time has a powerful impact on what kind of individuals we turn out to be. Elaine s experiences as a child had a large impact on the development of her identity. Before moving to Toronto, Elaine was very content with her life, even though she had a few friends. She was happy, â€Å"until we moved to Toronto (Atwood 27). Elaine’s difficulty of socializing with others is with her childhood experience. Elaine retellsRead MoreFifth Business1205 Words   |  5 Pagesaction Paragraph One Our childhood plays a significant role in defining the kind of person that we become and the type of life that we live. In â€Å"Fifth Business†, Robertson Davies displays how the main character, Dunstan Ramsay’s, childhood friends and family influence him to be incapable of changing the course of action of his life. By his senior years, Dunstan had undergone limited progression in his life as he experienced the resurfacing of his childhood persona, the haunting reminderRead MoreThe Problems With Childhood Obesity955 Words   |  4 Pages The Problems with Childhood Obesity A growing problem in America is childhood obesity which literally gets over looked every day. Children who are obese are more likely to have cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and other serious health risk when they get older. Childhood obesity has increased highly over the generations. In my opinion causes for childhood obesity includes, not having enough physical activity at home or in schools, and food habits, which the parents is in control of when

Monday, May 11, 2020

I Had The Three Sport Athlete With A Gpa Living On A Farm

I was never the three sport athlete with a 4.0 GPA living on a farm that everyone seems to idealize about a boy from a small town. I did not play football, but I loved observing the crowd’s reactions to the teams. I did not live or work on a farm, but I was fascinated with agriculture and how pesticides interacted with crops. I did not enjoy gym class until we talked about muscles. While this small-town Americana offers comfort and a sense of completeness to many, I felt myself drawn towards other things even from an early age. Science class, English class, and really any class was captivating- they still are. During my early days in the Boy Scouts of America, my love of reading transitioned to a love of stories in general as I became exposed to people from all across the country each with stories to share and lessons to impart. So here are some stories about me. Scouting is probably one of the first stories I should tell, as it has become the moral bedrock for my entire life and personal philosophy. I could write an entire book office individual stories from my time as a youth and the lessons it taught me, but in the interest of time I will condense it. Scouting taught me to look out for myself and others through countless trainings and even just weekend camping trips. Personal responsibility, dedication, and a dependable work ethic were all things I learned on my trail to becoming an Eagle Scout and particularly during my years working on the Canyon Camp Staff. I servedShow MoreRelated Argument for Increasing American Immigration Essay example2881 Words   |  12 Pages I lift my lamp beside the golden door. This inscription, which is found on the Statue of Liberty, greeted years of immigrants who passed through Ellis Island to America. It describes the idealized view of the United States as a nation of immigrants, where anyone can achieve the American dream. However, does this accurately describe our immigration policy today? Our current policy is better described by this version, written by Chris Willey (Willey et al.): Give me your athletes, yourRead MoreThe Effects of Socio-Economic Status on Students Achievements in Biology13494 Words   |  54 Pagesattitude of student, interest of students ,teachers ,parents and the government towards reaching the objectives and goals set by the schools ,parents and the society at large. 1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Generally the purpose of the study is; (i) To determined the role of school environment on the academic performance of the students. (ii) To identify the factors affecting the poor academics performance of students in Biology. (iii) To enlighten the parents and government on their impact onRead More_x000C_Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis355457 Words   |  1422 PagesMacintosh are registered trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc. Used herein under license. Library of Congress Control Number: 2006933904 Student Edition: ISBN-13: 978-0-495-11873-2 ISBN-10: 0-495-11873-7 ââ€"   To my nephews, Jesse and Luke Smidt, who bet I wouldn’t put their names in this book. R. P. ââ€"   To my wife, Sally, and my daughter, Anna C. O. ââ€"   To Carol, Allie, and Teri. J. D. ââ€"   About the Authors puter Teacher of the Year award in 1988 and received the Siemens Award for AdvancedRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 Pagesindex. ISBN 978-0-13-612100-8 1. Management—-Study and teaching. 2. Management—Problems, exercises, etc. Kim S. II. Title. HD30.4.W46 2011 658.40071 173—dc22 I. Cameron, 2009040522 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 ISBN 10: 0-13-612100-4 ISBN 13: 978-0-13-612100-8 B R I E F TA B L E O F C O N T E N T S Preface xvii Introduction 1 PART I 1 2 3 PERSONAL SKILLS 44 Developing Self-Awareness 45 Managing Personal Stress 105 Solving Problems Analytically and Creatively 167 PART II 4Read MoreFundamentals of Hrm263904 Words   |  1056 Pagesbetter study smarter save money From multiple study paths, to self-assessment, to a wealth of interactive visual and audio resources, WileyPLUS gives you everything you need to personalize the teaching and learning experience.  » F i n d o u t h ow t o M A K E I T YO U R S  » www.wileyplus.com ALL THE HELP, RESOURCES, AND PERSONAL SUPPORT YOU AND YOUR STUDENTS NEED! 2-Minute Tutorials and all of the resources you your students need to get started www.wileyplus.com/firstday StudentRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesLibrary of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Robbins, Stephen P. Organizational behavior / Stephen P. Robbins, Timothy A. Judge. — 15th ed. p. cm. Includes indexes. ISBN-13: 978-0-13-283487-2 ISBN-10: 0-13-283487-1 1. Organizational behavior. I. Judge, Tim. II. Title. HD58.7.R62 2012 658.3—dc23 2011038674 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 ISBN 10: 0-13-283487-1 ISBN 13: 978-0-13-283487-2 Brief Contents Preface xxii 1 2 Introduction 1 What Is Organizational Behavior? 3 The Individual

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Street Children Free Essays

Street Children â€Å"People don’t love us,† says Tigiste, a 12 years old street girl from Addis Ababa. A small example of how these kids suffer everyday, as Tigiste, there are many kids like her all over the world. One of these countries that has a huge problem in this issue is Egypt. We will write a custom essay sample on Street Children or any similar topic only for you Order Now But who is a street kid? how can we classify these children by that name? and what is the number of them? â€Å"A street child is defined as any boy or girl for whom the street in the widest sense of the word has become his or her habitual abode and/or source of livelihood, and who is inadequately protected, supervised, or directed by responsible adults† (ESCWA).Omneya Ragab, writer in Al-Ahram weekly says, â€Å"Among the estimated tens of thousands children in street situations, 65% escape family problems, 30% are out in the streets to earn money for themselves and their families while 23% are forced to leave by family members. It is estimated that the number of these children is ranged between 200,000 and 2,000,000. You can find them sleeping on pavements, standing at traffic, shining shoes, selling newspapers or notice them under bridges. The main cause of this phenomenon is poverty.Although there are not reliable studies, but it is assumed that â€Å"the percentage of those living on less than $1 a day is 3. 4 % while the percentage of those living on less than $2 a day is 42. 8 %†(ESCWA). Other causes are : violence, an old thought that a child has to work at an early age and stop education and falling preys for employers, a member in family or by their peers. Effects are clearly observed as this resulted to depending on charity, sexual abuse and continuing of a series of violence in general and illness. So, this essay will demonstrate the causes of this problem, then the effects in details and how can this problem be solved tackling some projects that are already done to face this. So as to analyze any problem we should know its cause which will lead us to understand its effects in a better way. A life of a child is at stake, everyday these innocent kids are exposed to danger. First it comes from family, which circumstances affects them and lead to uncontrollability in actions whether from a member of a family or by any sudden unexpected event, like the one that happened at AL Dewe’a or by losing contact with the parents including death.This could result in displacement of these children were they can’t find a place or shelter except under a bridge, infront of mosques or in any public place like gardens for example. Also, another cause is, the deprivation of education. Based on the Egyptian 2006 census, â€Å"the percentage of children between 6 and 18 years who never enrolled or who have dropped out of basic education was 14. 7 %, amounting to around three million children. The gross enrolment rate of children in basic, secondary and tertiary levels was 76. %†. It was found that the main causes of that is the violence they suffer at home, school or at work; which lead afterwards that parents urge them to work only because that is more profitable and gives instant cash flows. The problem is that the child becomes fed up and start to search for the prefered environment but finds that in the street which is an exit to change their lives. Yet they suffer more violence with a constant feeling of insecurity; from older street children, abusive community members or from the police.So they are urged to submit, whether it was for an employer who could be an older street child or to the police and in both ways they will feel pain and humiliation. This can be by abuse, rape or other ways of torture. According to Human Rights Watch, police beatings are purely punitive or correctional in approach: in other words, they are used to â€Å"teach the children a lesson†! And by the street children you can find the worse as sexual violence may lead to unwanted pregnancies for girls and extreme injuries for both genders. How to cite Street Children, Papers Street Children Free Essays [pic] NAME OF CANDIDATE: CENTER #: CANDIDATE #: TERITORY: JAMAICA YEAR: 2013 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM Street children in my community ? What are the factors that influence children to live on the streets? ? What are the measures that can be taken to get them into homes/places of safety? RESEARCH QUESTIONS 1. What are the factors that influence children to live on the streets? 2. What are the effects of living on the streets affects these children? 3. We will write a custom essay sample on Street Children or any similar topic only for you Order Now What are the measures that can be taken to get street children off the streets? METHOD OF INVESTIGATION The method of investigation chosen is the questionnaire. The questionnaire as chosen as a tool for collecting information because of a number of advantages they are: 1. It requires less time to be completed. 2. It is highly confidential since no name is required. 3. It can be done base on the person’s schedule. REASON FOR SELECTING AREA OF RESEARCH The area in which the research will be done is the down town area. The reason for selecting this particular area is as a result of the high rate of street children on the streets of down town. It was observed that these children have been on the street on several occasions. I want to explore the causes and effects of their phenomena. PROCEDURES FOR DATA COLLECTION In the area of Down Town Kingston there are thousands of different streets. Some of which are more crowded with street children than others. There was a minimum of 1 street children present on these streets and a maximum of 2. In the less crowded streets of the area, 10 street children were present respectively, questionnaires were given to each. On the streets which were less crowded 6 males were present and 4 females, their ages from 10-17 years. On the street that was more crowded, 16 males and 4 females present their ages also ranged from 10-17 years. When approached and asked if they would complete the questionnaire some demanded money while others immediately agreed, no one refused. Some needed little or no help. 30 questionnaires were issued, all of which were complete and returned immediately to the researcher who waited on them patiently. When they were finished and counted 8 females and 22 males actually completed the questionnaires. DATA ANALYSIS Street children, where is their place in society? Red Rat, a local DJ aptly describes Jamaicans view on the home of street children when he sang that they â€Å"No Live Nuh Wey†. His song also highlights the hardship experienced by children, the activities they get involved in and their aspirations. This project then, seeks to answer two main questions: 1. Why are these children living on the streets of my community? 2. What are the measures that can be taken to get street children off the streets? In order to provide a comprehensive answer to these two questions, the project will first look at the major cause of this phenomenon, urbanization. It will then look at the spatial location of street children in my community and in Kingston. The focus will then move to who they are, why they are on the streets and the activities in which they are engaged. It will also examine how effective institutions are in meeting the needs of the children. This is done in an attempt to determine whether or not there is hope for these children. This project will conclude by making suggestions on how to give hope to street children. Waugh, (2000), describes urbanization as the process by which an increasing proportion of the total population, usually of a country, lives in towns and cities. This growth is due to natural increase and to a larger extent rural-urban migration. Map 1,page 2, shows that the most densely populated parishes are in the areas of the Kingston Metropolitan Region, which includes Kingston, St. Andrew and St. Catherine, (Census 2001). Urbanization in these areas has placed stress on the available resources and has led to overcrowding, which in turn has led to several problems. These include shortages of houses and the development of slums/ghettos, crime and violence, unemployment and underemployment and the incidence of street people specifically, children. The stance of this project is that street children are victims of urbanization. Agnelli, 1986 confirms our stance when he wrote that the phenomenon of street children is urban in nature, as there are no rural street children. Map 2, page 3, further confirms this. [pic] [pic] The writer of this project define Street children as those children who are under the age of seventeen years who live or work on the streets as a regular daily activity. This is endorsed by Lusk et. al (1992) in an article entitled Children in need, described street children as any child for whom the street has become his or her habitual abode and /or source of livelihood, and who is inadequately protected, supervised, or directed by adults. In an interview with a social worker, the profile of a street child was outlined; he mistrust people, he enjoys his independence, he tends to be rebellious, he dislikes authoritarianism or ridged control, he can be rehabilitated, he can cope under difficult circumstances and he is nomadic. The writers of this article indicated that there are three categories of street children: Children on the streets – are those who still have links with families and attend school, but work on the streets outside of school hours. Children of the streets – are those whose links with the family are remote and who consider the street to be their home. Abandoned children – are those who are completely on their own and have no links with their families. Numerous reasons have been given to explain the presence of the children on the roads. A Gleaner article of August 23, 2011 highlighted three reasons: It claimed that some children are orphaned as their parents were killed in shooting sprees in the inner city areas, some parents have migrated and have left them in the care of uncaring relatives, friends and older siblings. In another article found in the Sunday Gleaner on August 25, 2011, the writer quoted the former project coordinator of Wings, in saying that the boys were put out of their homes by their parents, and that some were coerced into the streets because of overcrowded homes. In another article found in the Gleaner on March 15, 2002, the writer critically stated that the children were on the streets because they were either truants from the school system or a product of dysfunctional families. From our research, we have found that a typical street child is a 12-year-old boy from a female- headed household, the average size of which is five persons, where his guardian either is unemployed or marginally employed. The responses from the questionnaire regarding the reason for their absence from school suggest that socio-economic deprivation is indeed a major factor. Some even responded sayings that they were forced peddle wares on the streets to supplement the family’s income; others were suspended or expelled from school, while there were a few who stated that there was no reason. Irregular school attendance for those who are actually enrolled into a school is a popular feature found among the street children interviewed. Many went to school only three days per week; using the remaining days of the week to perform their personal activities. For those who were absent from school only once or twice per week, Thursday and Friday were their preferred days to be absent. This they stated enabled them to go to the market to beg and or sell. Thursday is the wholesale day in the major retail market and Friday being payday, is a popular market day for workers in the urban centres. These days proved to be most profitable for these child labourers as they earn much of their money transporting goods for the shoppers. Based on the responses of the children from the questionnaire, it is possible to assess and determine the main â€Å"push factors† which has inevitably resulted in them being on the street. FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE INCREASING NUMBER OF STREET CHILDREN 11% 30%State 19% 33% Parents Abusers Peers 7%Severe Poverty Push Factors a) The state – Overcrowding of the educational or childcare system is the primary cause for movement of the children from the institutions provided. The state neglects their responsibilities by not adequately funding these institutions. The signs were evident in the inner city schools visited where the teacher – pupil ratio is about 1:60. In addition, the lack of desk and chairs, stationery and other vital equipment causes discomfort for the students and teachers. b) The consequences of the actions of parents such as neglect, migration or directly sending their children out on the streets, forces them to fend for themselves hence causing child labour. ) Physical, sexual or emotional abuse, caused by parents or guardians usually leads to the child running away from home and thereby being forced into child labour d) Peer pressure –The feeling of inadequacy at school discourages then from wanting to learn, especially if they are being teased and ridiculed and hence they are push into child labour. e) Severe poverty – The children are forced unto the streets to supplement the inadequate income of the household, o ften following the laying off from work of the primary caregiver. ) Those who enter into child labour primarily of their own volition, in order to help out their parents or to become more independent themselves; and g) Those entering as a direct result of family crisis like the illness or death of the primary caregiver. Pull Factors A. â€Å"Pop Culture† influences children, in that it dictates the clothing and styles to be worn in order for them to be considered fashionable. When children of a poor socio economic background see their friends in the latest fashions, living a carefree life without any responsibilities this entices them to want to follow this trend. However due to their poor financial circumstances they are unable to afford these trends, hence leading them to go out and fend or work for themselves in an attempt to afford these styles. B. In a paper published by David Dunkley’s on February 11, 1999, Turf wars were cited as one of the reasons for boys not returning home at nights. From having spoken to street children ourselves, we saw that this was in fact one of the reasons many felt they could not return home at nights and so remained on the streets, as they feared for their lives. Others received money, protection and the needed support from the â€Å"don† (local area leader), who used them as carriers for their illicit wares. On interviewing these children, we also realized that a few of them had behavioral problems. It was found that the children, who exhibited extreme forms of behavioral problems, were from larger families with one or no parent and were the ones who were particularly into sporadic school attendance. They were the ones who were also from depressed communities where overcrowding was a problem and living conditions were poor. During our research, a child highlighted some of his reason for being on the streets. He reported that he lived in a single room house with his mother and other siblings and was forced to leave the house when his mother was â€Å"entertaining†. Another child, who resided with his grandparent, complained that he could not live with her because she was miserable and demanding. Hence he avoided going home as he disliked the living conditions and is thereby a street child. In our survey, 92% of the children were boys and they were involved in a number of activities: they pushed carts, they carried people’s luggage. They sold items for others, they bought and sold items, some went to sea and some were there just to check their â€Å"brethren†. One little boy in particular said that when he is on the street he â€Å"run up an’ down†. Not surprisingly though is the fact that the majority are involved in one or another economic activity. In fact 75% admitted to be so involved. These activities, according to these children yield great returns. In 1986 children were making a maximum of $21. 00 per day, now 75% of them made over $1000. 00 per day. One child stated that he made over $1,800. 0 per day. Seventeen percent of them were reluctant to reveal their daily earnings or simply did not know. If these figures are truly representative of what a child makes on the street, it is no wonder that they are willing to remain there regardless of the harsh treatment, which is meted out to them by the general public. It is evident that the economic pull to street life is greater now than i n the 1980s and 1990s. Hence this remains a major factor for children being on the streets. When we question, â€Å"Why are these children living on the streets in my community? there are many reasons and excuses. Many are in search of love and acceptance; others see it as a means of survival or an outlet. The real question however is, â€Å"Is there hope for these children? † In answering the question, is there hope for these children, one would be tempted to give a resounding yes. But can this be justified? The plight of the street children has not been ignored by the Jamaican Government, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and International organizations. In fact, programmes have been put in place to alleviate problems of child labour in Kingston. These include RISE Life Management who plays a great role in my community, Children First, Hope for Children, The Possibility Programme, St. Andrew Care Centre, the National Initiative for Street Children (NISC), Tackle Child Labour by the International Labour Organization and the Socialization Project by the Kingston Restoration Company. Mainly the United Children Educational Foundation (UNICEF) funds many of these programmes. All of the named institutions have been established to alleviate problems of child labor and neglected children in the metropolitan area. Most of these institutions aim at giving these children institution Management provides counseling, classes and youth programs for street children in my community. Children First aims at reintroducing them into the formal school system. It reunites them with their families and monitors their attendance in the government schools. Map 3 shows their specific location in Kingston, and proximity to my community the main study area. The residence of the street children are located in mostly densely populated homes where the standard of living is low and living conditions harsh. Many of the institutions that are put in place to help them are located within the community or close by. [pic] In these institutions, a number of activities are planned for the children, some outside the classroom. All the organizations have regular school activities inclusive of Mathematics, English, Reading, Social Studies, Science, and Computing. At Children First there is a thematic teaching system in which themes are chosen by the students, for example, â€Å"Children Rights†. They also offer skills training programs such as cosmetology, barbering and photography. At NISC, Children First for example, has aided a number of students to attend universities both local and international. For example, there is a student studying medicine in Cuba, and one, at The Edna Manley School Of Art is studying to become an actor. Two-thirds of the staff is graduates of the program. Mrs. Pious, executive director of Children First has found that in order to improve the lives of the children, it is often necessary to improve the lives of the parents or guardians as well. As a result, the program has enabled many parents to start small businesses such as chicken rearing, ewing and goat rearing. At Hope for Children, students have been involved in drama. A few of their past productions include â€Å"Come Listen to We†, â€Å"Wicked Reality† and â€Å"Man, Woman and Child†. The street children in my community seemed very ambitious and their occupational aspirations were wide and varied. Figure 2 shows the career choice of the street children. DESIRED OC CUPATION OF THE STREET CHILDREN 10 8 6 4 2 0 OCCUPATIONS What is noticeable is that only the needs of the carpenter and the fisherman and to a lesser extent that of a truck driver are catered to by these institution. The implication of this is that if they boys are taken off the street and placed in any of these institutions, their aspirations would not be met. The formal educational institutions however could meet their goals, but they have to, to a large extent turn their backs on these institutions. One still have to wonder, is there hope for these children? What is heartening is that the children, although they were on the street, thought that education was important and that it was the only way for them to achieve their goals. In fact, 83% of them believe that education is important in their acquiring their career goals. It is often times said that where there is a will there is a way. Even though many of the children have the desire to attain upper socio-economic mobility, they were often times forced to attend these institutions. When the Administrators were asked about the institutionalization of the children, they indicated that few children came in voluntarily. In fact, Most of the children were sent there by parents, concerned citizens and police officers. Overall, having been forced to attend has caused them to be defiant and hostile to the programme. At Children First most of the children attend voluntarily and hence their level of success is greater. We also found from our interview that 6% of the children did not even know where the institutions were located or even that they existed. Overall, from my observation, the programmes I have studied have shown a level of success. But in light of the negative aspects, which we have observed, I recommend the following: 1. A public education programme on radio and television, which highlights why contributions should be given directly to the programmes in place instead of the children. . Implementing more self-help schemes for the parents or guardians of the street children, that is, helping them to generate a steady income. 3. Government should make the needs of street children one of its priorities. More money should be allocated to these programmes to effect changes. 4. Make the public aware of the plight of our nation’s future through the introduction of a Street Children Day in Child month and Media coverage (when people become aware, they will become sympathetic and generous). DATA COLLECTION INSTRUMENT Sample of Questionnaire 1. Gender Tick (/) Male ( )Female ( ) 2. Age 10-11 years ( )12-13 years ( )14-15 years ( )16-17 years ( ) 3. How long have you been on the streets? 6 months-1 year ( )2-3 years ( )4-5 years ( )6 years and over ( ) 4. When you were at home, what type of family did you live in? Single ( )Nuclear ( )Extended ( ) Other ( ) 5. Do you plan on returning home? Yes ( ) No ( ) 6. Do you like living on the street? Yes ( ) No ( ) 7. What are some of the factors that are responsible for you becoming a street child? Abandoned by parents ( )Disruptive behaviors/can’t be controlled ( ) Ran away from home ( )Other ( ) 8. What was the main punishment received at home? Beating/Flogging ( )Indecent language ( )Being put to starve ( ) Other ( ) 9. What type of relationship do you have with your family now that you are on the streets? Excellent ( )Poor ( ) Fair ( ) None ( ) 10. Do you think its better being on the streets that at home? Yes ( ) No ( ) If yes why? ______________________________________________________________ 11. How do you provide for yourself on the streets? Begging ( )Stealing ( )Searching household garbage ( ) 12. Do you ever wish you never left home? Yes ( )No ( ) 13. How does being a street child affect you emotionally? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 14. How does being a street child affect your physical appearance? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 15. Were you in school? Yes ( )No ( ) 16. If yes what grade/form where you in? 17. Are you able to read and write? Yes ( )No ( ) 18. What are the measures that can be taken to get street children off the streets? Put them in state homes ( ) Have counseling sessions with them and put them up for adoption ( ) Establish laws to punish parents who contribute to their child being on the streets ( ) 19. Do you think the measures will work for you? Yes ( ) No ( ) Maybe ( ) 20. What can persons who wish to become parents do to avoid children leaving home to live on the streets? Attend parenting sessions on how to care for the child ( ) Talk to the child/children to find out what is bothering them ( ) Get involved in activities at the child school to see how well they are doing () BIBLIOGRAPHY Agnelli (1986), Street Children- A growing urban tragedy -Report for the Independent Commission on International Humanitarian Issues Boyce-Reid, k. (1993) A Report on Street Children Projects http://gvnet. com/streetchildren/Jamaica. htm David Dunkley(1999) :Street Children- effects of urbanization ———————– School Based Assessment on Street Children in my community FISHERMAN FIRE MAN CARPENTER PERCENTAGES DOCTOR BUSINESS MAN TEACHER TRUCK DRIVER BANK CLERK Stall Cart How to cite Street Children, Essay examples

Thursday, April 30, 2020

The Lgbt Community On Television Essay Example For Students

The Lgbt Community On Television Essay â€Å"Before 1970, almost no gay characters could be found on television, and their relative absence from the screen continued until the 1990s.†(2) Representation of the LGBT+ community has always been a problem in television and media. Marc Stein, author, agrees adding that â€Å"In an era when homosexuality was considered a crime, an illness, and a sin, and when many people assumed that homosexuals were child molesters, TV was not about to deal openly with sexual and gender minorities.†(8) During this time period people still lived in fear of the â€Å"different†. Anyone a part of the LGBT+ community were immediate targets for people’s ignorance. Ignorance is a key contributor to the misrepresentation of the LGBT+ community on television. It’s almost as if people felt they would â€Å"catch the gay† if they were to be seen on television. As years went by you could slowly see the increase in representation but that alone wasn’t enough to combat the damage that had been inflicted.Many had gone through the years watching television where heterosexual couples were the main characters. These people watching television also includes LGBT+ people. According to Deborah Fisher, research scientist, â€Å"Most lesbians and gay men grow up in a straight community with few gay role models; thus, they are particularly vulnerable to the portrayals of gay people in the mass media. †(2) Imagine growing up and you start to question your sexuality; you need guidance and help. However, turning on your television it’s hard for you to find someone like you. Television is often a place people turn to – to figure out what is â€Å"normal† and what is â€Å"abnormal†. Quite often television shows represent the â€Å"majority† community. They are portrayed as being successful and happy and acc. . or Female-to-Male transgender people. However, the injection isn’t made into a â€Å"big deal† like someone would expect. As a matter of fact Tony’s presence isn’t blown out of proportion on the show. In Caroline Siede’s, freelance writer from Chicago, review of the episode she says, â€Å"Tony Sawicki is a trans man. As Felix explains as he corrects Art’s use of female pronouns, â€Å"He’s trans†¦Just another variation in my sister’s skin.†(7) The last sentence there is very important. Throughout the episode Felix corrects Art’s use of his pronouns when he speaks about Tony. Eventually Art gets the hint and starts using his pronouns to correctly address Tony. The way in which this situation was handled made many LGBT+ persons excited. Transgender people have had to deal with ignorance from others and people who often misuse their pronouns when referencing someone who is transgender.